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Health-adjusted life expectancy




Healthy people


Health-adjusted life expectancy

Note: This indicator is a headline indicator. Headline indicators are intended to provide a high-level assessment of overall quality of life in Canada.

Health-adjusted life expectancy data snapshot
Description - Health-adjusted life expectancy data snapshot

69.7 number of years in good health an individual is expected to live given current morbidity and mortality conditions.

Health-adjusted life expectancy
  2000 to 2002 2005 to 2007 2010 to 2012 2015 to 2017
Health-adjusted life expectancy 68.5 69.4 70.4 69.7

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics - Death Database.



Number of years in good health an individual is expected to live given current morbidity and mortality conditions.


Health adjusted life expectancy (HALE) is a summary indicator that incorporates information on mortality (such as life expectancy) and health status (such as morbidity) into a single estimate that can be considered not only a measure of quantity of life but also a measure of quality of life. Estimates of HALE represent the number of years in good health that could be expected based on the average experience in a population if current patterns of mortality and health status persisted.

HALE combines the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) as a measure of health status with estimates of life expectancy. HUI3 is a summary index of health-related quality of life based on eight attributes of self-reported health status: vision, hearing, speech, ambulation, dexterity, emotion, cognition, and pain. The value if HUI3 can range from -0.36 (state worse than death; death represented by 0) to 1.00 (best possible health state).

This indicator draws information from the Canadian Vital Statistics Death Database (CVSD), Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the National Population Health Survey (NPHS).

Data sources

This indicator is measured through multiple Statistics Canada surveys. Estimates can vary between data sources due to differences in reference periods, targeted or sampled populations, data collection and other methodology.

Data analysis


This indicator aligns with the following framework:

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