Canada's Quality of Life Hub is currently in development. We need your help! If you have ideas or thoughts for what you'd like to see on the Hub, Statistics Canada would love to hear about it. Your input is invaluable as we continue to develop the Quality of Life Hub.

Share your feedback

Precarious or gig work




Employment and job quality


Precarious or gig work


The definition of the gig work component of this indicator is as follows:

Proportion of the employed population whose main job consists of short-term tasks, projects, or jobs, with no assurance of steady employment.

A definition for precarious work is under development and will be added at a later date.


Gig work is measured by the supplement to the Labour Force Survey (LFS) in the fourth quarter of 2022. Tax data can also be used to identify gig workers.

In the supplement to the Labour Force Survey, gig workers are employed people who:

  • accept short-term tasks, projects or jobs,
  • are paid per unit of work delivered (e.g., for a single task, project, or short contract),
  • have no assurance of steady employment, and
  • must make specific efforts on their own to obtain each project, task or job.

Questions posed to respondents that may be used to identify gig work include:

  • Is (respondent name's/this person's/your) main job permanent?
  • In what way is (respondent name's/this person's/your) main job not permanent?
  • What is the main reason why (respondent name/this person/you) (are/is) self-employed in (his/her/their/your) (main/other) job?
  • Does/do (respondent name/this person/you) have any partners or co-owners in (his/her/their/your) (main/side) business?
  • Excluding [his/her/their/your] main job or business, [has/have] [Respondent's name/this person/you] earned any money by freelancing, doing a paid gig, or completing a short-term job or task during the last 12 months?
  • Was this freelancing, paid gig, or short-term task or job one of the jobs (respondent's name/this person/you) had last week, or something else entirely?

Data sources

Data analysis

Additional information

Date modified: