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Income and growth




Business sector labour productivity as measured by real gross domestic product (GDP) per hour worked.


This indicator is measured through the annual provincial program of Canadian Productivity Accounts (CPA). These accounts produce annual data on jobs, hours worked, labour compensation and a variety of related variables, such as labour productivity and unit labour cost by province and territory. For more information on labour productivity measures from the CPA please refer to Labour Productivity Measures – Provinces and Territories (Annual).

Business sector labour productivity measures real gross domestic product (GDP) per hour worked within the business sector.

GDP measures the total output created through the production of goods and services in a country during a certain period. It also measures the income earned from that production. This indicator uses annual real GDP in chained (2012) dollars.

The business sector covers Non-Financial Corporations (S11), Financial Corporations (S12), and a fraction of household sectors (S14) involved in production (personal business) and partnership. In the System of National Accounts (SNA), the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 814 – Private households is also categorized as being part of the business sector.

Data sources

Data analysis

Additional information

Productivity gains occur when the production of goods and services grows faster than the volume of work dedicated to their production.

Economic performance, as measured by labour productivity, must be interpreted carefully, as these data reflect changes in other inputs, in particular capital, in addition to the efficiency growth of production processes. As well, growth in labour productivity is often influenced by the degree of diversity in the industrial structure. As a result, labour productivity tends to be more volatile in the smaller provinces.

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